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எனது பெயர் Dr.A,MOHAMAD SALEEM(CURESURE).,BAMS.,MD(Ayu)
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    Internal Medicines in Siddha or Siddha Medicine : Ulmarunthu // Herbal Remedy // Natural Treatment

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    Internal Medicines in Siddha or Siddha Medicine : Ulmarunthu // Herbal Remedy // Natural Treatment Empty Internal Medicines in Siddha or Siddha Medicine : Ulmarunthu // Herbal Remedy // Natural Treatment

    Post by மருத்துவன் Thu 23 Dec 2010, 5:38 pm

    Internal Medicines in Siddha or Siddha Medicine : Ulmarunthu // Herbal Remedy // Natural Treatment





    There are 32 types of Internal Medicines in Siddha Medicine


    1. Surasam :
    Pure and clean leaves, root, bark, flowers, unripe fruits and raw
    drugs like inji (ginger) are taken,ground in kalvam, filtered in a
    cloth, juice is extracted, poured into a mud vessel and boiled for some
    time so that the water content is greatly reduced. Eg- Inji Surasam
    Life span : Surasam can be taken within 3 hrs of preparation.

    2. Charu : (juice)
    This is the extract of leaves, root, bark, flowers, unripe fruit
    which is obtained by pounding and filtering or by adding astringent
    substances or by heating process Eg : Leaves of Adathoda vasica are
    pounded and filtered to extract the juice.
    Flesh of Aloe vera or banana are mixed with astringent substances and then juice is extracted.
    Garlic or poondu is made into a paste, pasted or placed on a cloth and heated to extract the juice.
    Life span : Charu is taken within 3 hrs of preparation.

    3. Kudineer : (decoction)
    This type of internal medicine is prepared by adding water to the
    pounded dried raw drugs or fresh ones and then boiling the same. The
    water added is according to the amount of raw drugs and the method of
    preparation. On boiling, the water content is reduced to 1/2 , 1/4 , 1/6
    , 1/8 , 1/16 , 1/32 etc. The intensity of heat and reduction of water
    content depend upon the type of raw drug used. Eg : Adathodai kudineer
    Life span : Kudineer is to be taken within 3 hrs of its preparation.

    4. Karkam : (medicinal paste)
    This type of medicine is prepared by making a paste of fresh raw
    materials or dried raw materials by adding water in a kalvam. Eg :
    Keezhanelli ilai karkam
    Life span : Karkam is to be taken within 3 hrs of its preparation.


    5. Utkali or Utkalee :
    This type of preparation are dry superficially or outer surface and
    the inner contents are wet. This is prepared by using raw or boiled
    rice, fried and ground to flour or by grinding the black gram into a
    paste, or by powdering seeds and adding water to it and mixing with
    required amount of jaggery. It is then heated by keeping the paste in a
    mud pot till it reaches kalippu patham ie the paste becomes dry
    superficially, then little ghee is added and taken when the medicine
    doesn’t stick to our hands. Eg : Kadugu utkali
    Life span : 3 hrs

    6. Adai :
    Certain leaves along with rice flour are ground into a paste, coated with little ghee and baked in hot oven.
    E.g : Mudakattran Adai used in vatha ailments
    Life span : 3 hrs.

    7. Choornam : (Medicinal powders)
    The raw drugs are purified separately, and then pounded separately, seived, mixed according to a given ratio.
    The choornam is purified again by pitttaviyal process.
    Eg : Amukkara choornam
    Life span : 3 months.

    8. Pittu : (Baked flour)
    The drugs are purified and pounded separately, made into fine
    powders. It is then mixed and placed in the inward depression of a cloth
    piece which is tied over the mouth of the mud pot containing milk and
    water. The pot is closed with another pot and baked until vapour comes.
    This is pittaviyal process. Then the pittu is taken in a mud pot and
    mixed well with sugar or jaggery.
    Life span : 3 months


    9. Vadagam :
    Raw drugs purified and pounded separately, seived in a cloth. This
    choornam is then added to jaggery and mixed well. It is then processed
    by pittaviyal process. Then the pittu is taken, pounded when it is hot
    and rolled into small pills.
    Eg : Thaleesathi vadagam
    Life Span : 3 months


    10. Vennai :
    The required raw drugs are taken, powdered and heated in an iron
    spoon along with ghee – twice the quantity of raw drugs. When the raw
    materials melt completely and combines with the ghee, it is poured into a
    mud vessel containing water and churned well. The medicine which floats
    over the water as emulsion is Vennai. It is collected and preserved.
    Eg : Kungiliya Vennai
    Life Span : 3 months.

    11. Manapagu : ( Syrup)
    Some herbal drugs like flowers, fruits, each separately made into
    decoction or fruit juices taken separately boiled by adding sugar or
    jaggery till a sweet aromatic odour comes , then powdered raw materials
    are sprinkled over it.
    Eg : Mathulai manapagu
    Life span : 6 months


    12. Nei : ( Medicated Ghee)
    This type of internal medicine is prepared by adding cows ghee to
    certain individual leaf juices, juice of tuber or decoctions of herbs
    and tubers and boiling it till the raw drugs completely mix with the
    ghee and is in perfect stge of ghee. Then it can be filtered and taken
    or preserved.
    Eg : Adathodai nei
    Life span : The nei is best to be used within 6 months.

    13. Rasayanam :
    This type of medicine is in semi- solid form. It
    is prepared by adding jaggery or ghee to choornam prepared by certain
    raw drugs.
    Eg : Inji Rasayanam
    Life Span : 6 months

    14. Ilagam or Leghyam :
    This type of preparations can be prepared in two ways. In the first
    type, some decoctions or herbal juices are mixed together with required
    amount jaggery and boiled in mild fire. When a sweet aroma comes and the
    mixture attains paagu patham, fine powders or choornam prepared by
    certain raw drugs are sprinkled in it, then ghee is added to it and
    mixed well. At last it is removed from fire and honey is added, mixed
    well.
    In the second type, sarkarai or jaggery is addedto required amount of
    cows milk and boiled in mild fire till paagu patham reaches and sweet
    fragnance comes. At this stage honey is addded, mixed well. After the
    mixture becomes half cooked, medicinal powders or choornam is added
    followed by ghee and honey.
    Eg : Amukkara choornam
    Life span : 6 months


    15. Ennai or Nei : (Medicinal Oils)
    Ennai means oil extracted from gingilee oil. Oil extracted from
    seeds, barks, herbs ar termed is termed as nei. Nei is usually
    classified into 12 types according to its source, birth or origin.
    1. Kothi Nei : (Ghee obtained by boiling process)
    Eg : Castor seeds fried, pounded, mixed with water and boiled.
    2. Urukku Nei : ( Ghee obtained by melting)
    Eg : By melting butter or boiled egg yolk.
    3. Puda Nei or Kuzhipuda Nei : ( Ghee obtained by pudam process.)
    Substances like Semicarpus anacardium (Serankottai) or Indigofera
    aspalathoides( Sivanarvembu) are taken in a mud pot which contains pores
    in the bottom. The mud pot is then closed by mun seelai. This is kept
    over a porcelein vessel inside a pit and heated by pudam. The oil is
    collected in pocelein jar.
    4. Theeneer Nei :
    Aromatic substances like sandal wood is pounded into powder, put in a
    pot containing water, the mouth of pot is closed using a cloth, filtered
    and oil obtained.
    5. Sooriya puda Nei or Aadhava Nei :
    Some substances along with Ell or Sesame seeds are ground well to a paste and placed in hot sun. Ghee coming out is collected.
    6. Man Nei :
    The oily substance which come out from dry surface of Earth spontaneously.
    7.Mara Nei :
    Ghee or oily substance obtained from cut part of the tree.
    8. Silai Nei :
    Oily substance that flows from high mountains.
    9. Neer Nei :
    Punugu chattam or ghee obtained by civet cat is soaked in water and oily substance collected.
    10. Aavi Nei :
    Ghee obtained by cooling the aromatic vapours coming out from substance like benzoin which is heated in a mud plate.
    11. Sudar Nei :
    Substances like sulphur are ground with ghee according to the mentioned
    process and pasted over a cloth which is already soaked in water,
    squeezed and dried well. This cloth is then tied well along a long piece
    of iron rod and held above the fire. Then nei as sudar is collected.
    12. Pori nei or Iyanthra Nei :
    Oil obtained by putting the seeds like sesame in oil mill.
    According to mode of administration Nei is classified into five types :
    1. Mudi nei or Oil applied on head Eg : Keezhanelli thylam
    2. Kudi nei or Oil which is used as internal medicine Eg : Vallarai ennai
    3. Pidi nei or Oil massaged over the skin Eg : Ulunthu thylam
    4. Tholai nei or Oil applied in navadvarangal Eg : Nasi roga nasa thylam
    5. Seelai thylam or Oil applied over fistulus tracts or skin diseases Eg : Mathan thylam.
    Life Span : 1 year

    16. Mathirai : (Pills)
    Certain drugs are ground well with herbal juices or decoctions,
    ginger juice, breast milk etc till it the mixture becomes ine enough to
    be rolled in form of pills and dried. Mathirai means “measure”. So the
    size of the pill is according to the dose and method of preparation
    according to the classical texts. The hours of grinding the mixture may
    vary in each medicine. Usually it is round in appearance.
    Eg : Balasanjeevi mathirai given for fever.
    Life Span : 1 year

    17. Kadugu :
    Certain medicinal drugs along with ghee or oil and heated till the
    mixture attains the consistency of mustard, it should be cooled. The
    karkam can be intaken and oil can be applied externally.
    Life Span : 1 year

    18. Pakkuvam :
    The materials to be processed as Pakkuvam are
    soaked in raw rice water or rice water. After it softens subsequently it
    is soaked in buttermilk, lemonjuice, inji juice, leaves juices etc.
    Eg : Bhavana kadukkai
    Life Span : 1 year

    19. Thenooral :
    Substances like inji (ginger), nellikai (gooseberry), kadukkai (gall
    nut) are first soaked in water, holes are made on the surface with
    needle or thorn
    and then subsequently soaked in honey or jaggery syrup.
    Eg : Inji Thenooral
    Life Span : 1 year

    20. Theeneer : (Distilled medicated water)
    Such drugs are prepared in a special apparatus called Valai
    yanthiram(Distillation apparatus). This type medicine prepared by
    boiling the raw materials with water in valai. The vapour of medicated
    water is condensed and collected as Theeneer.
    Eg : Oma Theeneer
    Salt or Uppu varieties may be taken in valai and heated. This is called Pugai neer or Dravagam.
    Eg : Pottiluppu Dravagam
    Life span : 1 year

    21. Mezhugu : (Medicated wax)
    This type of medicine is prepared by grinding the raw drugs to mezhugu pakkuvam or waxy state. These are of two types
    1. Araippu mezhugu : This type of mezhugu is obtained
    by grinding certain mercurial compouds seperately or with other raw
    drugs by adding herbal juices or honey to a perfect stage of mezhugu. Eg
    : Rasaghendhi mezhugu
    2. Surukku mezhugu : This type of mezhugu is obtained
    by heating mercurial drugs or padanam and added with oily substances or
    juices and made into mezhugu and ground well. Eg : Mahaveera mezhugu
    Life span : 5 years

    22. Kuzhambu : (Medicated Liquid mixture)
    Certain juices either mixed or separately taken in a pot along with
    jaggery and choornam or fine powders of certain drugs, heated to
    kuzhambu pakkuvam or semisolid form. Eg : Agasthiyar kuzhambu
    Life span : 5 years

    23. Pathangam : (Sublimation)
    Rasam individually or together with mercurial compounds are mixed and
    placed above a layer of salt and brick powder in a mud pot. This is
    placed in the moosai and added and covered with salt, top of the pot is
    closed with another pot, seelai done, kept in an oven, heated for a
    specific time, according to the burning method, it should be removed
    without shaking the medicines which is settled inside the top pot. This
    medicine is collected carefully. Eg : Rasa pathangam
    Life span : 10 years

    24. Chendooram : (Red chemical medicinal preparation)
    Certain metallic substances, toxic substances are made into red
    colour microfine powder by the process of burning or roasting or
    exposing to sunlight or grinding with herbal juice, dravagam or by pudam
    process etc. Eg : Chanda marutha chendooram (prepared by grinding
    method).
    Life span : 25 years

    25. Parpam : (otherwise called Neeru or Veneeru)
    Certain ulogams, padanam or uparasams are made into white powder by
    process of burning or frying or by grinding with juices or pudam
    process. This is an ancient method of calcination process and the
    process differs in preparation of each medicine as the number of pudams,
    hours of grinding, hours of burning may vary. Eg : Silasathu parpam
    Life span : 100 years

    26. Kattu :
    Certain padanams individually or mixed is given surukku with
    dravagams, leaf juices, decoctions, breast milk or honey. The substance
    finally turn into a consolidated solid mass which never vapourise
    dissolve or melt. Another process of making kattu is grinding the parpam
    or chendooram with juices of mothers milk and rolling into kattu. Eg :
    Linga kattu
    Life span : 100 years

    27. Urukku :
    Certain ulogas or padanas are prepared as kattu then added with
    synergetic or antagonistic drugs, kept in moosai, closed, seelaimunn
    done , burnt with natural charcoal fire, cooled and taken.
    Life span : 100 years

    28. Kalangu :
    Drugs like mercurial compounds or padarasam is given surukku with
    leaf juices, jayaneer, dravagam, then subjected to pudam, consolidated
    kept in moosai heated with the help of cahrcoal and blown till they turn
    into beads or mani, then gold and zinc are added.
    Life span : 100 years

    29. Chunnam :
    Padarasam, padanam or ulogam seperately or mixed are grounded well
    with leaf juices, dravagam, jayaneer and dreid, kept in moosai, blown
    and made into white powders. They become red when added with turmeric as
    the contain lime. Eg : Vediuppu chunnam
    Life span : 100 years

    30. Karpam :
    Certain leaves, roots, salts and mineral compounds are consumed in a
    specific dose for a given period of time along with dietery regimen.
    They may be already prepared or daily prepared ones. Karpam are prepared
    from mooligai, dhathu and jeeva products.
    Life span : No expiry or life long

    31. Sathu :
    Certain drugs like powders of iron, magnetic iron, organic and toxic
    substances are ground well with egg white, kept in moosai, seelai done,
    burnt with the help of thuruthi. Vangam is got. With that, gold, mercury
    and sulphur are added, ground and made into chendooram by burning.
    Eg : Kadukkai sathu
    Life span : Life long

    32. Guru gulikai :
    Valai rasam is made into kattu or beads by adding certain drugs to it along with herbal products.
    This is the most extra-ordinary preparation in Siddha system as mercury
    being at liquid state at room temperature is made into a bead or a solid
    mass. This type of medicinal preparation is a hallmark of an able
    physician and wearing of this bead brings good fortune. A physician if
    meditate and pray with this bead are beleived to to be guided and
    blessed by Siddhars and hence any deadly ailment gets a cure. It is said
    that learning to tie a mercurial bead is not only an art but it needs
    the blessings of ancient gurus or Siddhars.
    Hence Siddha System of Medicine consists of these 32 types of unique preparations. The medicines are prepared with prayers and mantras
    which is chanted by the physician throughout the preparing process.
    Hence the efficacy of these medicines are very high. They are not only
    medicinally but also spiritually enriched.
    thanks to -siddham.in

    மருத்துவன்
    உதய நிலா
    உதய நிலா

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